Revista THEOMAI   /  THEOMAI   Journal
Estudios sobre Sociedad, Naturaleza y Desarrollo / Society, Nature and Development Studies


número 5 (primer semestre de 2002)  
number 5 (first semester of 2002)
                   pajaro.GIF (940 bytes)





Alterity and Development. Notes about a Socio-history Relation.
Olver Quijano Valencia

This article intends from a global vision, an approach to the explanation of the otherness in so much notion, construction, relation and historical tension not natural, that is to say, a mobile relation in the measure in which its meaning and configuration represent changes, not only in a space-temporary horizon, but in the middle of the installation and development of a huge Europe as center, hegemonic company , which is extended and remains until nowadays. (Article in Spanish)


Reception of "Darwinian Scientific Fantasy" in Argentine of XIX Century (The Evolucionism in Literary and Parlamentary Speeches)
Marisa Adriana Miranda

The goal of this work is to demonstrate, through two studies of cases, the reception -reductionist and with influence of Spencer's version- of the Darwinism, in cultivated circuits of the Argentina of XIX century. In the book of fiction of the doctor and naturalistic, Eduardo Holmberg, Dos partidos en lucha (1875), their introduction is interpreted exclusively as a politic dispute that pervert the same Theory of the Evolution -applicable only to the biological organism, according Darwin -; likewise, with the tension created in the society, traditionalist and catholic, due to the progressive loss of power and representativeness, arise a virulent reaction, of anti-evolutionists characteristics, remarkable through the parliamentary debates of the Law 1420 (1884), in those which the defenders of the status quo and, in observance of Quanta Cura Encyclic and Syllabus's prescriptions, its complementary, they claim to proscribe "the horrible tempest loosened by so many perverse doctrines." (Article in  Spanish)


Toward a Sustainable Urbanism
Ricardo Ramírez Suarez

What seems to organize analytically the discourse of "urban sustainability" is its division into two fields: on the one hand privileging a technical representation of cities by combining the notion of urban sustainability with the "modes of management of the flows of energy and materials associated with urban growth"; on the other hand defining the unsustainability of cities by the drop in productivity of urban investments, that is, by the "incapacity of the latter to keep up with the rate of growth of social demands", which consequently places urban space in jeopardy as a political territory. The idea of sustainability recalls the logic of practice, where practical effects viewed as desirable are made to happen, rather than the field of scientific knowledge, where concepts are constructed to explain reality. When applied to urban space, the idea of sustainability has generated different representations and perspectives for managing cities, from the administration of risks and uncertainties to the increase of "resilience" –the adaptive capacity– of urban structures. (Article in Spanish)


From Agribusines without farmers to a new agrarian culture: hollow in the debate on GMOs
Grupo de Reflexión Rural

This article analyzes the current agricultural production system adopted in Argentina, linking it to the silent and extensive spread of GMOs and some of the most outrageous social and environmental consequences, including the massive exodus of farmers, labour exploitation and growing hunger in the
cities. These dimensions, which are conveniently kept separated by supporters of mainstream thinking, are also connected here to the ongoing process of privatization and concentration of land, profit, research
agendas and structures, and tighter control over other strategic services and resources. In order to be successful, it is argued, biotech giants and other actors have a leading role in the state and take advantage of generous subsidies.
Finally, the article examines the particular case of genetic modified soja crops, demonstrating the undisputable need to monitor questionable results instead of going the other way around, which has been to advertise fractional aspects of its adoption, but leaving the rest to an uncertain future. (Article in spanish)


Property, Patents, or People: ’What part of NO don’t you understand?
Paul Reynolds

Maori and other indigenous people have always respected the sanctity and reciprocity of life. Patenting has no respect for life or the dignity for all life forms. There is no negotiation. In fact, there is a global
chorusof people who say that patenting on life is non-negotiable. In the words of a Maori Anti-GE activist, "'What part of no don't you understand?' And that's how Maori spell it out. And people still ask questions so the next part of the question should be, 'What part of no don't you understand?'"
My intention with this paper is to illuminate how and why patents have been made on life. The historical and genealogical construction of property has impacted on the creation of patents entitling the patent
holder to private ownership of a life form. Myriad arguments will also be made as to why patenting on life is 'bad.' I will end with a selection of vibrant methods and ideas that I think are helpful in the recapturing of life. (Article in English)


The geo-politics of Genetic Modified Organisms
Brewster Kneen

The dismantling of national sovereignty and social integrity, the deliberate and systematic violation of any and all boundaries, and the systematic violation of the integrity of organisms are the hallmarks of
globalization as well as genetic engineering.
This is the context in which the deepening integration of Argentina and Brazil into the global corporate operations of Monsanto and Cargill, from the molecular to the national level, are analyzed here using the example of soya. After selling its global seeds business to Monsanto in 1988, the two companies  then formed a joint venture, Renessen, "in the first global alliance that spans the agricultural value chain."
Nature responds to such efforts to control and profit through a globalized monoculture (and oligopoly) with mutations and adaptations that produce a diversity of biological mechanisms to overcome such assaults. Therein lies our hope and example. (Article in English)


Reflections About the Changes on the Agriculture of Pampeana Region
Silvia Mabel Mussari

According to the análisis of secondary sources and interviews to qualified people, the working of investment funds which finance "sowing" mainly in the Pampas region in Argentina, has been studied. These funds enable the incorporation of foreign investors and additional farmers as new stars or figures in the Pampas fields and have as their main predecessors the "Pool of sowing". Both ways of management have had their influences on the wear of the Pampas soil. This worsening could be all in all the only and last efficient limit to the capital growing.
The relationship between maintenance and rentability and their multiple changes could be taken into account as the central theme for reflexion thought.
(Article in Spanish)


Argentinean Events: Brief Account of the Neoliberal Capitalist Process and its Crisis and fo the Embryonic People´s Rebellion
Guido Galafassi

Undoubtedly, Argentina is one of the major " neoliberal peripherical experiments" planned by the International Monetary Fund" ( IMF) and executed by the national and multinational corporations being assisted by traditional political parties. Considering the large profits of big capital sent abroad and the constantly increasing growth of poverty and social exclusion, the model has been a success. The lack of a radical movement that will integrate all the different protests into a comprehensive political program involving a clear alternative to the present political and economic institutions has created a huge power vacuum in Argentina. Therefore, although the events of the last few months represent a real transformation of politics and of Argentinean society , the final outcome is still open as the economic crisis is so deep that even the big international corporations do not have a clear idea of what way to follow to continue accumulating billions of profits. The strength and action needed to produce a drastic social change towards fairness, equality and solidarity that would eradicate the neoliberal market economy in Argentina is still to be developed. (Article in Spanish)


       Portada/Cover     Editorial     Contenido/Contents 
Instrucciones para los autores /Instructions for Authors  
Consejo Editorial/Editorial Board


Theomai: palabra de origen griego que significa ver, mirar, contemplar, observar, pasar revista, comprender, conocer
Theomai is a word of greek origin wich means: to see, to contemplate, to observe, to understand, to know

Revista Theomai es una publicación de la Red de Estudios sobre Sociedad, Naturaleza y Desarrollo
Theomai Journal is published by  Society, Nature and Development Studies Network
Coordinadores/Coordinators: Guido P. Galafassi, Adrián G. Zarrilli

Universidad Nacional de Quilmes